Preventive and Corrective Maintenance


According to standards

Measures carried out intended to assess and/or to mitigate degradation and reduce the probability of failure of an object.

Preventive maintenance can consist of CONDITION-BASED, PREDETERMINED, and PREDICTIVE measures.



  • Preventive maintenance which include assessment of physical conditions, analysis and the possible measures.
  • Control and monitoring of performance and characteristics can be scheduled, on request or continuous. Subjective or objective assessment.



  • Preventive measures carried out in accordance with established intervals of time
    or number of units of use, but without previous condition investigation
  • This could be, cleaning, lubrication and replacement of components or spare parts.



  • Condition-based measures carried out following a forecast derived from repeated analysis or known characteristics and evaluation of the significant parameters of the degradation of the item


This is a method designed to acquire information about the condition of individual machines in order to identify the appropriate measure at an optimal time. Accordingly, condition-based measures requires the means to retrieve information about the condition of a machine. This usually involves various types of measurement techniques such as vibration measurement, thermography, ultrasonic measurement and oil analysis. The condition-based process consists of five process steps; data collection, analysis, work order, corrective measure and function control.


  • Appropriate measures at the right time
  • Scheduled measures instead of emergency actions
  • Minor machinery defects are detected in good time and corrected
  • Fewer emergency breakdowns due to worn parts
  • High rate of skills development for technicians and electricians
  • Knowledge of in-house machinery builds up within the organization


An effective preventive maintenance ensures improved availability, which leads to increased profitability, and in the long term also brings down costs.We use the condition-based concept, which is based on optimizing the technical availability by predicting the critical our equipment and thereby preventing problems before they occur.Measures that are “unnecessary” are eliminated by systematically ensuring that work performed guarantees improved availability at lower cost.We also make sure that all measures are a coherent unit, which involves secure access to spare parts and a functioning network of maintenance service providers.

  • May entail high initial investment costs
  • Risk of machinery being renovated too early
  • Can be difficult to gain support for CBM throughout the organization


Refers to preventive measures performed according to calendar schedule or operating time, e.g. the replacement of oil, belts, clutch discs and other wear parts. The term also includes scheduled overhauls where machinery and components are taken apart for inspection.


  • Reduced risk of emergency breakdowns
  • Improved availability
  • Increases degree of planning for the upkeep operation
  • Development of staff competence
  • Reduced costs


  • Costs for unnecessary spare parts and working hours
  • Risk of machinery being “maintained” to excess
  • Unnecessary downtime costs
  • Often static planning with limited feedback of experience to the actual plan


According to the standard, predictive measures involves identifying a fault during its development period. It is a form of condition-based maintenance. With today’s technology, there is usually some kind of smart monitoring system that analyzes and processes the measurement data. This makes it easier to e.g. determine when it’s time to replace a bearing or the oil in a unit.

The predictive measures principle can naturally also be used with recurring condition monitoring, such as visual inspections or collecting measurement data for subsequent analysis and a decision on scheduled, predictive maintenance.

The purpose of predictive measures is simply to forecast the best time to e.g., replace a unit in order to exploit its full service life.


According to standard

Maintenance carried out after a fault recognition and intended to restore an object into a state in which it can perform a required function.

Corrective maintenance can consist of both deferred and immediate corrective maintenance.



  • … is not carried out immediately after detection of a malfunction, but is delayed in accordance with given maintenance directives. The work can be planned.



  • … performed immediately after detection of a malfunction to avoid
    unacceptable consequences.


  • Suitable for machinery that is easy to replace or has low purchasing costs.
  • Suitable for some machinery in redundant systems where no costly side effects can be expected following a breakdown.
  • Needs little or no investment in competence or technology.


  • Means urgent unforeseen machine failures.
  • Difficult and sometimes impossible to schedule maintenance operations.
  • Capital destruction – minor machine problems remain undiscovered and develops into costly breakdowns.
  • Little or no development of staff competence.
  • Risk of personal injury in breakdowns.
  • Increased environmental impact.
  • Higher energy consumption.

Next chapter

Continue reading?
Go to next chapter to read about Improvement maintenance.


maintenance manual pdf downloadDownload the pdf version!